ACDF, or anterior cervical discectomy, and fusion, is a surgical procedure performed in the front of the neck to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and/or nerves. It is an outpatient procedure. While the procedure itself is relatively simple, it does involve pain and dysphasia. Learn more about the procedure below. This article also covers what you can expect after the procedure. After ACDF, your best spine surgeon in bangalore will likely provide you with pain medication, and will address your specific concerns.
Anterior cervical discectomy (decompression) and fusion (ACDF) is an operation through the front of the neck to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and/or nerves
ACDF is performed when one or more of the cervical discs becomes damaged and puts pressure on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots. The doctor will use minimally invasive techniques to separate the soft tissues of the neck. The surgeon will perform a discectomy by removing the damaged disc between two adjacent vertebrae, and then place a bone graft in that space. The bone graft acts as a calcium scaffold, and may be an allograft, reducing the risk of graft rejection. After this procedure, a metal plate may be attached in front of each vertebra to help stabilize the spine and avoid further complications.
Recovery time after ACDF varies from patient to patient. However, pain between the shoulder blades and neck is common. As the wound heals, it will gradually decrease in intensity. It may take weeks to months to return to work, but overall recovery time is a relatively short period of time.
It is an outpatient procedure
ACDF surgery is usually an outpatient procedure, but there are a few things that need to be kept in mind before undergoing the procedure. During the procedure, your surgeon will expose your spine by retracting your oesophagus and larynx. He will replace the damaged disc with a spacer filled with bone graft. A plate is then placed on your spine and screwed into place, providing stability and fused spinal levels. After surgery, you may experience some pain and discomfort, although this will usually improve over time. In some cases, your voice may change permanently.
ACDF surgery may be required to treat spinal disc disease, which causes considerable pain and stiffness. It can also help relieve pain associated with lumbar degeneration, which results from natural wear and tear of the disc. Surgical procedures are the most common treatment options for these conditions. ACDF will remove the damaged disc and replace it with a bone graft, relieving pressure on spinal nerves. An ACDF is an outpatient procedure, but you may be required to stay overnight.
It causes pain
It causes pain after ACDF surgery because the bone graft and attached muscles change their biomechanics. It may take weeks or months to fully recover. After surgery, patients should eat soft foods and liquids until their first follow-up appointment. There may be numbness in the arms. They should wear a collar or soft collars while sleeping or showering. They should avoid lifting their chin and neck.
The procedure is minimally invasive. It usually treats a pinched nerve caused by a disc bulge or a bone spur in the neck. After surgery, patients may experience pain radiating down their arms, numbness in the arm, and weakness in the affected arm. The pain is so severe that the strongest pain relievers will only numb the pain temporarily. If nonoperative treatment has failed, ACDF may be an option.
It causes dysphasia
While the exact causes of dysphasia after ACDF surgery are unknown, some factors may contribute. While most cases resolve on their own before seeking a second opinion, in some patients, the problem may remain for several months. During ACDF surgery, the esophagus and soft tissues are retracted to one side. After the cervical disc is removed and the bone graft is set up, these tissues are stretched and can cause a sore throat.
A recent meta-analysis of studies on ACDF shows that patients who underwent multiple-level ACDF surgery are more likely to develop dysphagia than those who had single-level ACDF. Although the exact causes of these cases are not yet clear, researchers are confident in the fact that the condition can occur with both procedures. The long-term effects of ACDF surgery on the dysphagia of patients should not be underestimated.